Graduate student Tory Sampson and faculty member Rachel Mayberry have a new publication in Language, titled “An Emerging SELF: The Copula Cycle in American Sign Language.” The abstract is as follows:
We question the commonly accepted assumption that American Sign Language (ASL) has no overt copula. We present evidence that one of the functions of the sign self in present-day ASL is as a copula. This sign evolved into its current function by way of a grammaticalization process called the ‘copula cycle’ (Katz 1996). The copula cycle consists of a deictic item transforming into a demonstrative pronoun and then into a copula by means of a series of syntactic reanalyses. We present corpus evidence from Old French Sign Language (LSF) in the 1850s, Old ASL in the 1910s, and present-day ASL dating to the 2000s and the late 2010s, and with these data analyze ASL examples of syntactic structures outlined by Li and Thompson (1977) that led to the increased use of self as a copula. We also find that self, which is not generally regarded as a pointing sign, follows the grammaticalization scheme for pointing signs outlined by Pfau and Steinbach (2006), indicating that the scheme may be used for signs that are derived from demonstratives. Ultimately, we conclude that ASL undergoes the same grammaticalization processes as spoken languages.
Graduate student JJ Lim was awarded the Social Science Research Council Graduate Research Fellowship (SSRC GRF) by the Singapore Social Science Research Council and the Singapore Ministry of Education for his project titled `Investigation of agreement markers across Mongolian’.
The fellowship consists of a research grant, mentorship by faculty at the National University of Singapore (NUS), and an opportunity to visit Singapore to engage in research activities with NUS.
Mayberry, R. I. (2021). The radical idea that ASL is language: The linguistic bulwark of Professor Robert Hoffmeister’s vision. Foreword, in Enns, C., Henner, J., McQuarrie, L. (Eds.). Discussing Bilingualism in Deaf Education: Essays in Honor of Robert Hoffmeister. Milton Park: Routledge.
Mayberry, R. I. & Wille, B. (2022). Lexical representation and access in sign languages. In Anna Papafragou, John C. Trueswell & Lila R. Gleitman (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of the Mental Lexicon, pp. 597-614. DOI:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198845003.013.27
Matchin, W., Ilkbasaran, D., Hatrak, M., Roth, A., Villwock, A., Halgren, E., & Mayberry, R.I. (2022). The cortical organization of syntactic processing is supramodal: Evidence from American Sign Language. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 34, 2:224-235. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_01790
Semushina, N.& Mayberry, R. I. (2022) Number Stroop effects in Arabic Digits and ASL number signs: The Impact of age and setting of language acquisition, Language Learning and Development, DOI: 10.1080/15475441.2022.2047689
Graduate student Seoyeon Jang (first author) and faculty member Ivano Caponigro just published the paper “A Semantic Analysis for Korean Echo Questions” in Kaoru Horie, Kimi Akita, Yusuke Kubota, David Y. Oshima, and Akira Utsugi (eds), Proceedings of the Japanese-Korean Linguistics 29 Conference (JK29), pp. 165-179, Stanford: CSLI Publications, 2022.
Graduate student Tory Sampson will present a poster and a SIGNopsis video at the 14th International Conference of Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research (TISLR 14) in Osaka, Japan. Her research concerns the semantic and syntactic features of copular expressions with the copular SELF in American Sign Language.
Faculty members Andy Kehler, Sharon Rose, and Michelle Yuan are presenting at the 40th meeting of the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (WCCFL 40), which is organized by the Linguistics Department at Stanford University and takes place virtually on May 13-15.
Andrew Kehler, In defense of referential theories of VP-ellipsis
Himidan Hassen (Independent scholar), Peter Jenks (University of California, Berkeley), Sharon Rose, A’-satisfaction with φ-interaction in Tira
Michelle Yuan, A pseudo-relative in Inuit
Graduate student Tory Sampson will be attending the Institute of the Inclusive Assessment of Multimodal Multilinguals (IAM3), a two-week program taking place this upcoming June at Stockholm University in Sweden, The program consists of daily seminars about issues related to translanguaging in deaf people as well as training workshops of online methodologies including eye tracking, ERP, and fMRI.
Graduate student Nese Demir has a new publication titled “Laz Turkish: A case study in language contact and language change”. The paper is published in a special collection in Linguistics Vanguard devoted to sound change in endangered and small speech communities.