William Matchin, postdoctoral fellow for the Mayberry Laboratory for Multimodal Language Development, has written a guest post for the Talking Brains blog.
Graduate student Nina Semushina just received a CARTA Anthropogeny Fellowship for 2017-2018 year! She joined Anthropogeny Student Specialization Track a year ago, and since then she has actively participated in the program. This winter she got an MA in Linguistics from our Department and now is preparing for her future qualifying exam. Her thesis will be about the impact of delayed first language acquisition on quantitative reasoning and acquisition of numerical concepts.
More information about the Graduate Specialization in Anthropogeny can be found here: http://ling.ucsd.edu/grad/anthropogeny-specialization.html
The Language Comprehension Lab will have a talk at AMLaP 2017 in Lancaster, UK:
Complexity matters only when it matters: Pronominal object and event reference rapidly access different aspects of situation models.
Talk by Eva Wittenberg, Shota Momma, Elsi Kaiser, & Jeremy Skipper.
Sara Goico, a graduate student in anthropology, and Rachel Mayberry, a professor in linguistics, received an NSF rapid grant, “Language emergence from inception.” They will study how deaf children living in Iquitos, Peru, who know no sign or spoken language, gesture with their families before entering school for the first time, and how their gestures change over time as they communicate with one another in the school.
1st year PhD student Michael Obiri-Yeboah will present a paper on vowel harmony in Gua with Sharon Rose at the 48th Annual Conference on African Linguistics at Indian University in April. He also received funding to attend the NSF-DEL sponsored Summer School in Documentary Linguistics: Methods and Data Management at the University of Education, Winneba, Ghana to further his research on Gua.
Congratulations to our graduate student Anne Therese Frederiksen for receiving an NSF Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grant to study the ‘Interplay between Language and Cognition in American Sign Language Referential Cohesion’!
Our alumnus Dr. Ryan Lepic (Ph.D., 2015), who is currently a lecturer in our department, has just accepted a three-year post-doc in the Goldin-Meadow Laboratory at the University of Chicago. He will be contributing to the lab’s on-going research on the role of gesture in math learning. He will move to Chicago in June. Congratulations, Ryan!
Many members of our department presented at the Linguistics Society of America’s 91st Annual Meeting in Austin, Texas on January 5-8. They are listed below in bold and in alphabetical order, together with their co-authors and the titles of their presentations:
“The acquisition of Greek clitic construction prosody: an acoustic analysis”
Angeliki Athanasopoulou, Irene Vogel (University of Delaware), Hossep Dolatian (University of Delaware)
“Are the acoustic properties of canonical and non-canonical stress the same?”
“Apparent ‘sufficiently similar’ degemination in Catalan is due to coalescence”
“Designing a language and the design of language”
Meilin Zhan (MIT), Roger Levy (MIT), and Andrew Kehler
“Testing a Bayesian pronoun interpretation model with Chinese ba and bei”
“A usage-based analysis of the THEME construction in ASL”
Ryan Lepic and Corrine Occhino (University of New Mexico)
“Sign language structure: a construction-theoretic perspective”
“Non-stationarity and other critical mathematical problems for channel coding-based explanations of variation in language production”
“Formal acceptability experiments as a tool for exploring variation in constituent order”
“The President gave her inauguration speech: explicit belief and implicit expectations in language production and comprehension”
A successful syntactic theory provides insight into the creative machinery of language. However, there is an apparent fundamental divide among current syntactic theories. Mainstream Generative Grammar uses the simplest possible building blocks and provides a theory of the nature of syntactic structure, but its connection to real-time sentence processing is entirely unclear. On the contrary, “lexicalist” grammatical theories posit structurally complex building blocks and
connect well with real-time sentence processing but lack insight into the origin of these structures.
In this talk I propose an integration of these two approaches: a
Minimalist Grammar as a system of conceptual-semantic combination that generates syntactic objects, and Tree-Adjoining Grammar as a system that makes efficient use of these objects during comprehension and production. I provide evidence for this integrated framework with neuroimaging experiments that localize these systems to distinct anatomical locations of the brain. I also present neuroimaging data that support the integrated approach to an important problem for syntactic theory: island phenomena. I will discuss how the integrated approach facilitates communication among syntactic theory, psycholinguistics, and neurolinguistics, and potentially allows for better understanding of language acquisition and language disorders.