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Articles, chapters, and books: 

2023, and in press

  • Jiang, Y., Marcowski, P., Ryazanov. A., & Winkielman, P. (2023).  People conform to social norms when gambling with lives or money.  Scientific Reports, 13:853.  Online version here.
  • Nowak, A., Biesaga, M., Ziembowicz, K., Baran, T, & Winkielman, P. (2023). Subjective consistency increases trust. Scientific Reports. 13, 5657 (2023). Online and PDF here.
  • von Hecker, U., Hanel, P.H.P., Jin, Z., & Winkielman, P. (2023). Self-generated cognitive fluency: Consequences on evaluative judgments.  Cognition and Emotion, 37:2, 254-270. DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2022.2161482Download here.
  • Winkielman, P., Davis, J.D., & Coulson, S. (2023) Moving thoughts: emotion concepts from the perspective of context dependent embodied simulation, Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2023.2236731


  • Davis, J., Coulson, S., Blaison, C., Hess, U., & Winkielman, P. (2022). Mimicry of partially occluded emotional faces: Do we mimic what we see or what we know?  Cognition and Emotion, 36:8, 1555-1575. DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2022.2135490. PDF
  • Jiang, Y., Jiang, Y., Leqi, L., & Winkielman, P. (2022). Many Ways to Be Lonely: Fine-Grained Characterization of Loneliness and Its Potential Changes in COVID-19. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media16(1), 405-416.  PDF
  • Winkielman, P., & Nowak, A. (2022). Beyond the features: The role of consistency in impressions of trust. Social Psychological Bulletin, 17, 1-20.  PDF
  • Winkielman, P., Trujillo, J. T., Bornemann, B., Knutson, B., & Paulus, M. P. (2022). Taking gambles at face value: Effects of emotional expressions on risky decisions. Frontiers in Psychology, 13:958918Link
  • Wołoszyn, K., Hohol, M., Kuniecki, M., & Winkielman, P. (2022). Restricting movements of lower face leaves recognition of emotional vocalizations intact but introduces a valence positivity bias. Scientific Reports, 12:16101.  PDF


  • Davis, J. D., Coulson, S., Arnold, A. J., & Winkielman, P. (2021). Dynamic Grounding of Concepts: Implications for Emotion and Social Cognition. In M. D. Robinson & L. E. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of Embodied Psychology: Thinking, Feeling, and Acting (pp. 23–42). Springer International Publishing. New York, NY.
  • Arnold, A. J., Kappes, H., Klinenberg, E., & Winkielman, P. (2021). The role of comparisons in judgments of loneliness. Frontiers in Psychology12, 907.
  • Arnold, A. J., Winkielman, P. (2021).  Smile (but only deliberately) though your heart is aching: Loneliness is associated with impaired spontaneous smile mimicry.  Social Neuroscience, 16:1, 26-38, DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2020.1809516
  • Carr, E.W., Bird, G., Catmur, C., & Winkielman, P. (2021).  Dissociable effects of averted “gaze” on the priming of bodily representations and motor actions.  Acta Psychologica, 212, 103225. Link
  • Kever, A., Geers, L., Carr, E. W., Vermeulen, N., Grynberg, D., & Winkielman, P. (2021). When the body matches the picture: The influence of physiological arousal on subjective familiarity of novel stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 47(6), 759–764.
  • Palagi, E., Celeghin, A., Tamietto, M., Winkielman, P., & Norscia, I. (2021). The neuroethology of spontaneous mimicry and emotional contagion in human and non-human animals. Disentangling attentional and affective contribution to contagious yawning.  Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews,
  • Turska-Szybka, A., Prokopczyk, M., Winkielman, P., & Olczak-Kowalczyk, D. (2021). Knowledge and attitude of Polish dental healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):12100.
  • Vogel, T., Ingendahl, M., & Winkielman, P. (2021). The architecture of prototype preferences: Typicality, fluency, and valence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150, 187-194.  PDF   


  • Kaminska, O.K., Magnuski, M., Olszanowski, M., Gola, M., Brzezicka, A, & Winkielman, P. (2020). Ambiguous at the second sight: Mixed facial expressions trigger late electrophysiological responses linked to lower social impressions. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 20:441–454.  PDF.
  • Nitschke, J. P., Sunahara, C.S., Carr, E.W.,  Winkielman, P., Pruessner, J.C. & Bartz, J. A. (2020). Stressed connections: Cortisol levels following acute psychosocial stress disrupt affiliative mimicry in humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 287: 20192941PDF
  • Paul, E. S., Sher, S., Tamietto, M., Winkielman, P. & Mendl, M.T. (2020).  Towards a comparative science of emotion: Affect and consciousness in humans and animals. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 108, 749-770. PDF
  • Palagi, E., Celeghin, A., Tamietto, M., Winkielman, P., & Norscia, I. (2020). The neuroethology of spontaneous mimicry and emotional contagion in human and non-human animals. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 111, 149-165.  PDF
  • Ryali, C. K., Goffin, S., Winkielman, P., & Yu, A. J. (2020). From likely to likable: The role of statistical typicality in human social assessment of faces.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117, 29371–29380Link 


  • Arnold, A. J., Winkielman, P., & Dobkins, K. (2019). Interoception and Social Connection. Frontiers in Psychology10, 2589. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02589. Link
  • Arnold, A.J., & Winkielman, P. (2019).  The mimicry among us: Intra- and inter-personal mechanisms of spontaneous mimicry. Journal of Non-Verbal Behavior, 44:195–212.   PDF
  • Frankowska, N., Parzuchowski, M., Wojciszke, B., Olszanowski, M., & Winkielman, P. (2019). Rear Negativity: Verbal messages coming from behind are perceived as more negative.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 889-902.  PDF


  • Carr, E.W., Kever, A., & Winkielman, P. (2018). Embodiment of emotion and its situated nature. In A. Newen, L. de Bruin, & S. Gallagher (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition (pp. 529-552), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.  Link to the whole book.
  • Ding, X.P., Heyman, G.D., Sai L., Yuan, F., Winkielman, P., Fu, G, & Lee, K. (2018).  Learning to deceive has cognitive benefits.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 176, 26-28. Link
  • Hofree, G., Ruvolo, P., Reinert, A., Bartlett, M. S., & Winkielman, P. (2018). Behind the robot’s smiles and frowns: In social context, people do not mirror android’s expressions but react to their informational value. Frontiers in Neurorobotics12:14. doi: 10.3389/fnbot.2018.00014.   Link
  • Olszanowski, M., Kaminska, O. K., & Winkielman, P. (2018). Mixed matters: fluency impacts trust ratings when faces range on valence but not on motivational implications. Cognition & Emotion32, 1032-1051. PDFLink
  • Vogel, T., Carr, E.W., Davis, T., & Winkielman, P. (2018). Category structure determines the relative attractiveness of global versus local averages. ​ Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44, 250-267.  PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., & Gogolushko, Y. (2018). Influence of Suboptimally and Optimally Presented Affective Pictures and Words on Consumption-Related Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:2261.  doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02261. Link
  • Winkielman, P., Coulson, S., & Niedenthal, P. (2018).  Dynamic grounding of emotion concepts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 373: 20170127.  Link with PDF


  • Baumeister, J.C., Foroni, F., Conrad, M., Rumiati, R.I., and Winkielman, P. (2017). Embodiment and emotional memory in first vs. second language.  Frontiers in Psychology, 8:394. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00394.  Link 
  • Carr, E.W., Brady, T.F., & Winkielman, P. (2017).  Are you smiling or have I seen you before? Familiarity makes faces look happier. ​ Psychological Science, 28, 1087-1102.  PDF
  • Carr, E.W., Hofree, G., Sheldon, K. Saygin, A.P. & Winkielman, P. (2017). Is that a human? Categorization (dis)fluency drives evaluations of agents ambiguous on human-likeness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 651-666.  PDF.
  • Carr, E.W., Huber, D.E., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., Halberstadt, J., & Winkielman, P. (2017). The ugliness-in-averageness effect: Tempering the warm glow of familiarity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 112, 787–812.  PDF.
  • Davis, J. D., Winkielman, P., & Coulson, S. (2017). Sensorimotor simulation and emotion processing: Impairing facial action increases semantic retrieval demands. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 652–664.  PDF Link


  • Carr, E. W., Rotteveel, M., & Winkielman, P. (2016).  Easy moves: Perceptual fluency facilitates approach-related action.  Emotion, 16, 540-52.  PDF.
  • Farmer, H., Carr, E. W., Svartdal, M., Winkielman, P., & Hamilton, A.F.C. (2016).  Status and power do not modulate automatic imitation of finger movements.  PLoS ONE. 11(4): e0151835.  Link with downloadable PDF.
  • Kavanagh, L. C. & Winkielman, P. (2016).  The functionality of spontaneous mimicry and its influences on affiliation:  An implicit socialization account. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:458.  Link
  • Owen, H. E., Halberstadt, J., Carr, E. W., & Winkielman, P. (2016). Johnny Depp, reconsidered: How category-relative processing fluency determines the appeal of gender ambiguity. PLoS ONE, 11(2): e0146328.  Link.
  • Winkielman, P., Carr, E. W., Hofree, G. & Kavanagh, L. C. (2016).  Imitation, Emotion, and Embodiment. In B. Brożek, J. Stelmach, & Ł. Kwiatek (Eds). The Normative Mind. (pp 89-110), Copernicus Center Press, Krakow, Poland.  Publisher LinkPDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Carr, E. W., Chakrabarti, B.,  Hofree, G. & Kavanagh, L. C. (2016).  Mimicry, emotion, and social context:  Insights from typical and atypical humans, robots, and androids. In U. Hess & A. Fisher (Eds.), Emotional mimicry in social context. (pp. 162- 191). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Publisher LinkPDF.


  • Davis, J. D., Winkielman, P., & Coulson, S. (2015). Facial action and emotional language:  ERP evidence that blocking facial feedback selectively impairs sentence comprehension.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27, 2269–2280.  LinkPDF.
  • Hofree, G., Urgen, B. A., Winkielman, P., & Saygin, A.P. (2015). Observation and imitation of actions performed by humans, androids, and robots: An EMG study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:364.  LinkPDF.
  • Olszanowski, M. & Winkielman, P. (2015). Rola płynności przetwarzania w procesach wnioskowania z ekspresji mimicznej twarzy.  Psychologia Społeczna, 2, 141–148. Abstract in English, PDF
  • Oosterwijk, S., Mackey, S., Wilson-Mendenhall, C., Winkielman, P., & Paulus, M.P. (2015). Concepts in context: Processing mental state concepts with internal or external focus involves different neural systems.  Social Neuroscience, 10, 294-307 Link, PDF
  • Schooler, J. W., Mrazek, M. D., Baird, B., & Winkielman, P. (2015). Minding the mind: The value of distinguishing among unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious processes. In M. Mikulincer, P. R. Shaver, E. Borgida, & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Vol. 1. Attitudes and social cognition (pp. 179-202). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Link, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P., Wielgosz, J., Eelen, J., & Kavanagh, L. C. (2015). Embodiment of cognition and emotion. In M. Mikulincer, P. R. Shaver, E. Borgida, & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Vol. 1. Attitudes and social cognition (pp. 151-175). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.  LinkPDF
  • Winkielman, P., Inzlicht, M., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2015). Preferences and motivations with and without inferences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 45-47. PDF
  • Winkielman, P., Olszanowski, M., & Gola. M. (2015). Faces in between:  Evaluative responses to faces reflect the interplay of features and task-dependent fluency.  Emotion, 15, 232-242. PDF
  • Winkielman, P., Ziembowicz, M. & Nowak, A. (2015). The coherent and fluent mind: How unified consciousness is constructed from cross-modal inputs via integrated processing experiences. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:83Link, PDF


  • Carr, E. W., Korb, S., Niedenthal, P. & Winkielman, P. (2014).  The two sides of spontaneity: Movement onset asymmetries in facial expressions influence social judgments.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 55, 31–36. PDF
  • Carr, E. W., Winkielman, P., & Oveis, C. (2014). Transforming the mirror: Power fundamentally changes facial responding to emotional expressions.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 997-1003.  PDF
  • Carr, E. W. & Winkielman, P (2014). When mirroring is both simple and “smart”: how mimicry can be embodied, adaptive, and non-representational. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8:505.  Link,  PDF 
  • Halberstadt, J. & Winkielman, P. (2014). Easy on the eyes, or hard to categorize: Classification difficulty decreases the appeal of facial blends.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 175–183. PDF 
  • Hofree, G., Ruvolo, P., Bartlett, M.S, & Winkielman, P. (2014). Bridging the Mechanical and the Human Mind: Spontaneous Mimicry of a Physically Present Android. PLoS ONE, 9(7): e99934. LinkPDF.
  • Hopper, W.J., Finklea, K.M., Winkielman, P., & Huber, D.E. (2014). Measuring Sexual Dimorphism with a Race-Gender Face Space.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 1779-1788PDF
  • Sher, S. & Winkielman, P. (2014). What We (Don’t) Know About What We Know.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 38-39. PDF
  • Topolinski, S., Maschmann, I. T., Pecher, D., & Winkielman, P. (2014). Oral approach-avoidance: Affective consequences of muscular articulation dynamics.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 885–896.  PDF


  • Halberstadt, J., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., Wai, L.I., & Winkielman, P. (2013).  Two faces of attractiveness:  Making beauty-in-averageness appear and reverse. Psychological Science, 24, 2343-2346.  PDF
  • Halberstadt, J. & Winkielman, P. (2013).  When good blends go bad: How fluency can explain when we like and dislike ambiguity. In C. Unkelbach & R. Greisfelder. The experience of thinking: How feelings from mental processes influence cognition and behavior (pp. 133 – 151). Psychology Press, NY. PDF
  • Kavanagh, L., Bakhtiari, G., Suhler, C., Churchland, P.S., Holland, R.W. & Winkielman, P. (2013).  Nuanced Social Inferences about Trustworthiness from Observation of Mimicry. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Berlin, Germany: Cognitive Science Society. 734-739. PDF
  • Pecher, D. & Winkielman, P. (2013).  Grounded Cognition and Social Interaction. In: Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences (pp. 396-397).  B. Kaldis (Ed). Sage. Thousand Oaks, CA.  PDF
  • Winkielman, P.  (2013). Unconscious Emotions, Psychological Perspectives, In H. Pashler (Ed).  Encyclopedia of the Mind. Sage Reference.
  • Winkielman, P. & Kavanagh, L (2013). The embodied perspective on emotion-cognition interactions. In M.D. Robinson, E.R. Watkins, & E. Harmon-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of cognition and emotion (pp 213-230). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Ziembowicz, M., Nowak, A., & Winkielman, P. (2013). When sounds look right and images sound correct: Cross-modal coherence enhances claims of pattern presence.  Cognition, 2, 273–278. PDF


  • Bornemann, B., Winkielman, P., & van der Meer (2012). Can you feel what you don’t see? Using internal feedback to detect briefly presented emotional stimuli. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 85, 116-124. Link, PDF.
  • Churchland, P.S., & Winkielman, P. (2012). Modulating social behavior with oxytocin: How does it work? What does it mean?  Hormones and Behavior, 61, 392–399. Link, PDF.
  • Deriso, D., Susskind, J., Tanaka, J., Winkielman, P., Herrington, J., Schultz, R., & Bartlett, M. (2012). Exploring the Facial Expression Perception-Production Link Using Real-Time Automated Facial Expression Recognition. In A. Fusiello, V. Murino & R. Cucchiara (Eds.), Computer Vision – ECCV 2012. Workshops and Demonstrations (Vol. 7584, pp. 270-279): Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Link,   PDF
  • Hofree, G. & Winkielman, P. (2012). On (not) knowing and feeling what we want and like.  In S. Vazire & T. D. Wilson (Eds.), Handbook of Self-Knowledge (210-224). New York: Guilford Press. PDF.
  • Kavanagh, L., Niedenthal, P. & Winkielman, P. (2012). Embodied simulation as grounds for emotion concepts. In P. Wilson (ed). Lodz Studies in Language. Vol. 27 (pp 139-155).  Peter Lang, Frankfurt.  PDF.
  • Oosterwijk, S., Winkielman, P., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., Rotteveel, M., & Fischer, A.H. (2012). Mental states inside out: Processing sentences that differ in internal and external focus produces switching costs.  Memory & Cognition, 40, 93-100.  LinkPDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Huber, D.E., Kavanagh, L. & Schwarz, N. (2012).  Fluency of consistency:   When thoughts fit nicely and flow smoothly.  In B. Gawronski & F. Strack (Eds.), Cognitive consistency: A fundamental principle in social cognition (pp 89-111). New York: Guilford Press. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. & Kavanagh, L (2012). How do emotions move us? Embodied and disembodied influences of emotions on social thinking and interpersonal behavior. In: J. Forgas, K. Fiedler. & C. Sedikides (Eds). Social thinking and interpersonal behavior (pp. 127-142). Psychology Press. New York.
  • Winkielman, P. & Schooler, J. (2012). Conscious, metaconscious, and the unconscious. In S. T. Fiske & C.N. Macrea, (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Social Cognition (pp. 54-74). Sage, Los Angeles. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. & Yavne, G. (2012).  Unconscious emotion.  In N. Seel, (Ed).  Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (p. 1130).  Springer, NY.
  • Ybarra, O., & Winkielman, P. (2012). On-line social interactions and executive functions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6.   Link, PDF


  • Kavanagh, L., Suhler, C., Churchland, P., & Winkielman, P. (2011).  When it’s an error to mirror: The surprising reputational costs of mimicry. Psychological Science, 22, 1274–1276. LinkPDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Berridge, K., & Sher, S. (2011). Emotion, consciousness, and social behavior. In J. Decety & J. T. Cacioppo (Eds.), Handbook of social neuroscience (pp 195-211). Oxford University Press. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Huber, D., & Olszanowski, M. (2011). Dynamiczne związki: Rola płynności przetwarzania w afekcie i procesach wartościowania. In W. Blaszczak & D. Dolinski, Dynamika emocji: Teoria i praktyka. 60-87. PWN. Warszawa. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. & Schooler, J.W. (2011). Splitting consciousness: Unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious processes in social cognition. European Review of Social Psychology, 22, 1–35. LinkPDF.
  • Ybarra, O., Winkielman, P., Yeh, I., Burnstein, E. & Kavanagh, L. (2011). Friends (and sometimes enemies) with cognitive benefits: What types of social interactions boost cognitive functioning? Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 253-261. Link. PDF.


  • De Vries, M., Holland, R.W., Chenier, T., Starr, M.J., & Winkielman, P. (2010). Happiness cools the warm glow of familiarity: Psychophysiological evidence that mood modulates the familiarity-affect link. Psychological Science, 21, 321–328. Abstract, PDF.
  • Irwin, K. R., Huber, D. E., & Winkielman, P. (2010). Automatic Affective Dynamics: An activation–habituation model of affective assimilation and contrast. In Nishida, T., Jain, L.C., & Faucher, C. (Eds.) Modelling Emotions for Realizing Intelligence. (pp 17-24). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. PDF
  • Oberman, L.M., Winkielman, P. & Ramachandran, V.S. (2010). Embodied Simulation: A Conduit for Converting Seeing into Perceiving. In: E. Balcetis, E. & G.D. Lassiter, (Eds.). The social psychology of visual perception. (pp 201-221). New York, NY: Psychology Press. PDF.
  • Smith-Lovin, L. & Winkielman, P. (2010). The social psychologies of emotion: A bridge that is not too far. Social Psychology Quarterly, 73, 327-332.  PDF
  • Winkielman, P. (2010). Bob Zajonc and the unconscious emotion. Emotion Review, 2, 353–362.  Link. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. (2010). Embodied and disembodied processing of emotional expressions: Insights from Autism Spectrum Disorders. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 33, 417–480.


  • Arce, E., Simmons, A.N., Stein, M.B., Winkielman, P., Hitchcock, C.A., & Paulus, M. P. (2009). Association between individual differences in self-reported emotional resilience and the affective perception of neutral faces. Journal of Affective Disorders, 114, 286–293. PDF
  • Chenier, T. & Winkielman, P. (2009). The origins of aesthetic pleasure: Processing fluency and affect in judgment, body and the brain. In: M. Skov & O. Vartanian (eds.), Neuroaesthetics. (pp 275-289). Amityville, NY: Baywood.
  • De Vries, M., Holland, R.W., Chenier, T., Starr, M. J., & Winkielman, P. (2009). Aantrekkelijk in een droevige bui, slechts gemiddeld in een vrolijke bui: Een EMG studie naar de aantrekkelijkheid van prototypes. In R. Custers et al. (Eds.), Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2008 (pp. 453-462). Groningen: Aspo pers.
  • Halberstadt, J., Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P. M., & Dalle, N. (2009). Emotional conception: How embodied emotion concepts guide perception and facial action. Psychological Science, 20, 1254-1261. AbstractPDF.
  • Niedenthal, P. M., Winkielman, P. Mondillon, L., & Vermeulen, N. (2009). Embodiment of Emotional Concepts: Evidence from EMG Measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 1120–1136. Abstract, PDF.
  • Oberman, L. M., Winkielman, P., & Ramachandran, V.S. (2009). Slow echo: Facial EMG evidence for the delay of spontaneous, but not voluntary emotional mimicry in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Science, 12, 510–520. Abstract, PDF.
  • Sher, S. & Winkielman, P. (2009), Emotion and Consciousness. In: William P. Banks, (ed), Encyclopedia of Consciousness. Vol. 1, pp. 231-241. Oxford: Elsevier. PDF
  • Wilbarger, J. L., McIntosh, D. N., & Winkielman, P. (2009). Startle modulation in autism: Positive affective stimuli enhance startle response. Neuropsychologia, 47, 1323–1331. Abstract. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. (2009). New and improved but still cold and symbolic. Emotion Review, 1, 55-56.
  • Winkielman, P. (2009). Psychologia poznania społecznego w erze neuronauk. In: M. Kofta and M. Kossowska (Eds.). Psychologia poznania społecznego: Nowe idee. Warszawa: PWN.  PDF
  • Winkielman, P. & Berridge, K. (2009). Unconscious emotion. In D. Sander & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), Oxford Companion to the Affective Sciences. pp 395-396. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Winkielman, P. & Huber, D. (2009). Dynamics and evaluation: The warm glow of processing fluency. In: Meyers, Robert A. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science. (pp 2242-2253). Springer, Heidelberg. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., McIntosh, D. N., & Oberman, L. (2009). Embodied and disembodied emotion processing: Learning from and about typical and autistic individuals. Emotion Review, 2, 178-190. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. & Niedenthal, P. (2009). Ucieleśniony emocjonalny umysł społeczny. In: M. Kofta and M. Kossowska (Eds.). Psychologia poznania społecznego: Nowe idee. (pp.83-101). Warszawa: PWN.  PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P., & Oberman, L. M. (2009). Embodied Perspective on Emotion-Cognition Interactions. In J. Pineda (Ed.) Mirror Neuron Systems. (pp. 235-257). Humana Press, New York.
  • Vul, E., Harris C., Winkielman, P., & Pashler, H. (2009). Puzzlingly High Correlations in fMRI Studies of Emotion, Personality, and Social Cognition. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 274-290. AbstractPDF. Our reply to comments is here.


  • Clark, T. F., Winkielman, P. & McIntosh, D. N. (2008). Autism and the extraction of emotion from briefly presented facial expressions: Stumbling at the first step of empathy. Emotion, 8, 803-809. AbstractPDF.
  • Huber, D. E., Clark, T., Curran, T., & Winkielman, P. (2008). Effects of repetition priming on recognition memory: Testing a perceptual fluency-disfluency model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 1305–1324. Abstract, PDF.
  • Knutson, B., Wimmer, G. E., Kuhnen, C. M., & Winkielman, P. (2008). Nucleus accumbens activation mediates the influence of reward cues on financial risk taking. NeuroReport, 19, 509-513. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. (2008). Psychologia społeczna a neuronauki: Dominacja, separacja, czy satysfakcjonujący związek? Psychologia Społeczna, 1, 11–22. AbstractPDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P., & Oberman, L. (2008). The embodied emotional mind. In Semin, G. R., & Smith, E. R. (Eds.) Embodied grounding: Social, cognitive, affective, and neuroscientific approaches. (pp. 263-288). New York: Cambridge University Press. PDF, (link to the book)
  • Winkielman, P. & Schooler, J. (2008). Unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious in social cognition. Strack, F. & Foerster, J. (Eds.), Social cognition: The basis of human interaction. (pp 49-69). Philadelphia: Psychology Press. PDF.
  • von Helversen, B., Gendolla, G. H. E, Winkielman, P., & Schmidt, R.E. (2008). Exploring the hardship of ease: Subjective and objective effort in the ease-of-processing paradigm. Motivation and Emotion. Abstract, PDF
  • Ybarra, O., Burnstein, E., Winkielman, P., Keller, M.C, Manis, M., Chan, E., & Rodriguez, J. (2008). Mental exercising through simple socializing: Social interaction promotes general cognitive functioning. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 248-259. Abstract. PDF.


  • Chenier, T. & Winkielman, P. (2007). Mere exposure. Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. Vol. 2. In: R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds). (pp 556-558). Sage Publications.
  • Fazendeiro, T., Chenier, T. & Winkielman, P. (2007). How dynamics of thinking creates affective and cognitive feelings. In Harmon-Jones, E. & Winkielman, P. Social Neuroscience: Integrating Biological and Psychological Explanations of Social Behavior. Guilford Press. New York.
  • Harmon-Jones, E. & Winkielman, P. (2007). A Brief Overview of Social Neuroscience. In Harmon-Jones, E. & Winkielman, P. Social Neuroscience: Integrating Biological and Psychological Explanations of Social Behavior.Guilford Press. New York.
  • Harmon-Jones, E. & Winkielman, P. (2007). Social Neuroscience. Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior. Guilford Press. New York.
  • Winkielman, P., Knutson, B., Paulus, M.P. & Trujillo, J.T. (2007). Affective influence on decisions: Moving towards the core mechanisms. Review of General Psychology, 11, 179-192. Abstract, PDF
  • Oberman, L., Winkielman, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2007). Face to face: Blocking facial mimicry can selectively impair recognition of emotional expressions. Social Neuroscience, 2, 167-178. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. (2007). Nonconscious emotion. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds). Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. Vol. 2 (pp 620-622). Sage Publications. Los Angeles.
  • Winkielman, P. & Trujillo, J.L. (2007). Emotional influence on decision and behavior: Stimuli, states, and subjectivity. In R. Baumeister, K. Vohs, and G. Loewenstein (eds.) Do emotions help or hurt decision making? (pp. 69-91). Russell Sage Foundation. New York.


  • Winkielman, P., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2006). A social neuroscience perspective on affective influences on social cognition. In Forgas, J.P. (Eds.) Affect in Social Thinking and Behavior. New York: Psychology Press.
  • Winkielman, P., Halberstadt, J., Fazendeiro, T. & Catty, S. (2006). Prototypes are attractive because they are easy on the mind. Psychological Science, 17. 799-806. Abstract, PDF
  • Winkielman, P. (2006). Themes and trends of current research in social cognition: Introduction to the special issue. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 37, 5-6.
  • McIntosh, D. N., Reichmann-Decker, A., Winkielman, P., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2006). When the social mirror breaks: Deficits in automatic, but not voluntary mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism. Developmental Science, 9, 295-302. Abstract, PDF.


  • Fazendeiro, T., Winkielman, P., Luo, C., & Lorah, C. (2005). False recognition across meaning, language, and stimulus format: Conceptual relatedness and the feeling of familiarity. Memory and Cognition. 33, 249-260. Abstract, PDF.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (2005). Introduction.  In: Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (Eds). Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press. New York.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (2005). Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press. New York. Purchase at Guilford (code 5T for discount) or at Amazon.
  • Niedenthal, P. M., Barsalou, L., Winkielman, P., Krauth-Gruber, S., & Ric, F. (2005). Embodiment in Attitudes, Social Perception, and Emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 184-211. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2005). Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1, 121-135. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., & Nowak, A. (2005). Dynamics of cognition-emotion interface: Coherence breeds familiarity and liking, and does it fast. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 222-223.
  • Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2005). Emotion, behavior, and conscious experience: Once more without feeling. In Feldman-Barrett, L., Niedenthal, P., & Winkielman, P. (Eds). Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press. New York. PDF.


  • Reber, R., Schwarz, N. & Winkielman, P. (2004). Processing fluency and aesthetic pleasure: Is beauty in the perceiver’s processing experience? Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 364-382. Abstract, PDF.
  • Reed, C., Grubb, J., & Winkielman, P. (2004). Emulation theory leads to conceptual gains but needs empirical filters. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 411-412.
  • Winkielman, P. & Berridge, K. C. (2004). Unconscious emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 120-123. Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P. & Berridge, K. C. (2004). Truly unconscious emotion. Emotion researcher. Official Newsletter of the International Society for Research on Emotion, Vol. 19, No.1, p 8-9.


  • Winkielman, P. & Berridge, K. C. (2003). Irrational wanting and sub-rational liking: How rudimentary motivational and affective processes shape preferences and choices. Political Psychology, 24, 657-680. Abstract, PDF.
  • Schwarz, N., Bless, H,. Waenke, M., & Winkielman, P. (2003). Accessibility revisited. In G. V. Bodenhausen & A. J. Lambert (Eds.), Foundations of Social Cognition: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert S. Wyer, Jr. (pp. 51-77). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.  PDF
  • Berridge, K. C., & Winkielman, P. (2003). What is an unconscious emotion? The case for unconscious ‘liking’. Cognition and Emotion, 17, 181-211. Abstract, PDF
  • Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., Reber, R., & Fazendeiro, T. (2003). Cognitive and affective consequences of visual fluency: When seeing is easy on the mind. In R. Baatra & L. Scott (Eds.), Persuasive imagery: A consumer response perspective. (pp. 75-89). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., Fazendeiro, T., & Reber, R. (2003). The hedonic marking of processing fluency: Implications for evaluative judgment. In J. Musch & K. C. Klauer (Eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion. (pp. 189-217). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. (publisher’s book webpage here). PDF.


  • Reber, R, Fazendeiro, T, & Winkielman, P (2002). Processing fluency as the source of experiences at the fringe of consciousness. Psyche: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Consciousness. PDF
  • Winkielman, P. (2002). When knowing more leads you astray: The effects of self-focus on accuracy of causal reports. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 33, 5-12.
  • Winkielman, P. (2002). Nie tylko źródła afektu, lecz również jego obecność mogą być nieświadome.  (Not only the source, but also the presence of affect can be unconscious.> In M. Jarymowicz, & R. Ohme. Natura automatyzmów (The nature of automatisms). (pp 67-70). Wyd. IP PAN i SWPS. Warsaw. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N., & Nowak, A. (2002). Affect and processing dynamics: Perceptual fluency enhances evaluations. In S. Moore & M. Oaksford (Eds.), Emotional Cognition: From brain to behaviour. (pp. 111-136). Amsterdam, NL: John Benjamins. See book website here. Read the chapter (#5) on the web here, or in PDF.


  • Winkielman P., Berntson G. G., & Cacioppo J. T. (2001). The psychophysiological perspective on the social mind. In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intraindividual Processes. (pp. 89-108). Oxford: Blackwell. (publisher’s book webpage here). PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). Mind at ease puts a smile on the face: Psychophysiological evidence that processing facilitation increases positive affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 989-1000.Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., & Schwarz, N. (2001). How pleasant was your childhood? Beliefs about memory shape inferences from experienced difficulty of recall. Psychological Science, 12, 176-179. Abstract, PDF.

2000 and before

  • Skurnik, I., Schwarz, N., & Winkielman, P. (2000). Drawing inferences from feelings: The role of naive beliefs. In H. Bless & J. P. Forgas (Eds.), The message within: The role of subjective experience in social cognition and behavior. (pp. 162-175). Philadelphia: Psychology Press. PDF.
  • Schwarz, N., & Winkielman P. (1999). Mood. In D. Levinson, J. J. Jr. Ponzetti, & P. F. Jorgensen (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Emotions. (pp. 449-454). New York: Macmillan Reference.
  • Belli, R. F., Winkielman, P., Read, D. J., Schwarz, N., & Lynn, S. J. (1998). Recalling more childhood events leads to judgments of poorer memory: Implications for the recovered/false memory debate. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 5, 318-323. Abstract, PDF
  • Reber, R., Winkielman, P. & Schwarz, N. (1998). Effects of perceptual fluency on affective judgments. Psychological Science, 9, 45-48.Abstract, PDF.
  • Stapel, D. A. & Winkielman, P. (1998). Assimilation and contrast as a function of context-target similarity, distinctness, and dimensional relevance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 634-646.Abstract. PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Knauper, B. & Schwarz, N. (1998). Looking back at anger: Reference periods change the interpretation of emotion frequency questions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 719-728.Abstract, PDF.
  • Winkielman, P., Schwarz, N. & Belli, R. F. (1998). The role of ease of retrieval and attribution in memory judgments: Judging your memory as worse despite recalling more events. Psychological Science, 9, 124-126.Abstract, PDF.
  • Stapel, D. A., Koomen, W., & Winkielman, P. (1997). Apen en mensen verschillen allen wanneer ze vergelijkbaar zijn. (transl. Apes and people are only different because they are comparable.) In C.K.W de Dreu, N.K. de Vries, D. van Knippenberg, & C. Rutte (Eds.), Fundamentele sociale psychologie (Vol. 11, pp. 178‑189). Tilburg University Press.
  • Winkielman, P., Zajonc, R. B., & Schwarz, N. (1997). Subliminal affective priming resists attributional interventions. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 433-465. Abstract, PDF.