Research Publications


Irani, L. and Marx J. (2021) RedactedTaller California.

Irani, L. (2019) Chasing Innovation: Making Entrepreneurial Citizens in Modern India. Princeton University Press. Open Access Penultimate Proofs

  • Winner of 2019 Diana Forsythe Prize awarded by American Anthropological Association Society for the Anthropology of Work (SAW) and the Committee for the Anthropology of Science, Technology, and Computing (CASTAC).
  • Winner 2020 International Communication Association Outstanding Book Award.


Tandon, U., Khovanskaya, V., Arcilla, E., Hussein, M. H., Zschiesche, P., & Irani, L. (2022). Hostile Ecologies: Navigating the Barriers to Community-Led Innovation. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 6(CSCW2), 1-26. (awarded honorable mention)

Su, N. M., Lazar, A., & Irani, L. (2021). Critical affects: Tech work emotions amidst the techlash. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 5(CSCW1), 1-27.

Whitney, C. D., Naval, T., Quepons, E., Singh, S., Rick, S. R., & Irani, L. (2021, May). HCI Tactics for Politics from Below: Meeting the Challenges of Smart Cities. In Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1-15).

Howard, D. and Irani, L. (2019) “Ways of Knowing When Research Subjects Care.” CHI 2019.

Irani, L. “Hackathons and the Cultivation of Platform Dependence.” In Digital Economies at the Global Margins (Mark Graham ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Irani, L. (2019) “Design Thinking”: Defending Silicon Valley at the Apex of Global Labor Hierarchies.” Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience 4(1).

Silberman, M. and Irani, L. (2016) Operating an Online Reputation System: Lessons from Turkopticon: 2008-2015. Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal.

Irani, L. and Silberman, M. (2016) Stories We Tell About Labor: Turkopticon and the Problem with ‘Design’. Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, 2016. (23% acceptance rate)

Irani, L. (2015) Hackathons and the Making of Entrepreneurial Citizenship. Science, Technology & Human Values. Available on Sage OnlineFirst.

Irani, L. (2015) Difference and Dependence Among Digital Workers: The Case of Amazon Mechanical Turk. South Atlantic Quarterly, 114(1).

Salehi, Niloufar, Irani, L., and Bernstein, M.S. We Are Dynamo: Overcoming Stalling and Friction in Collective Action for Crowd Workers. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, 2015. (awarded honorable mention)

Irani, L. (2013) The Cultural Work of MicroworkNew Media and Society, 17(5), 720-739.

Irani-Silberman, S.L. (2013) Interrupting Invisibilities: Bridging WorldsUntitled. Special Mention for 2013 Hannah Arendt Prize in Critical Theory and Creative Research (juried)

Irani, L. and M.S. Silberman. (2013) Turkopticon: Interrupting Worker Invisibility in Amazon Mechanical Turk” Proceedings of CHI 2013, Apr 28-May 2, 2013. (20% acceptance rate, awarded best paper)

K. Philip, L. Irani, and P. Dourish. 2012. Postcolonial Computing: A Tactical Survey. Science, Technology, and Human Values, 27(1), 3-29.

L. Irani, P. Dourish, and M. Mazmanian. 2010. Shopping for Sharpies in Seattle: Mundane Infrastructures of Transnational Design. Proceedings of ICIC 2010, Aug 19-20, 2010. Copenhagen, Denmark. (39% acceptance rate, awarded best paper)

L. Irani, J. Vertesi, P. Dourish, K. Philip and B. Grinter. 2010. Postcolonial Computing: A Lens on Design and DevelopmentProceedings of CHI 2010, Apr. 10-15, 2010. Atlanta, GA. (22% acceptance rate)

L. Irani, R. Jeffries, and A. Knight. 2010. Rhythms and Plasticity: Television and Temporality in the Home in Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. Springer.

L. Irani and P. Dourish. 2009. Postcolonial Interculturality in Late Breaking Papers: International Workshop on Intercultural Collaboration, Feb. 20-21, 2009. Stanford, CA. (Awarded best short paper)

L. Irani, G. Hayes, and P. Dourish. 2008. Situated Practices of Looking: Visual Practice in an Online World in Proceedings of CSCW 2008, Nov. 8-12, 2008. San Diego, CA. (23% acceptance rate)

L. Irani. 2004. Understanding gender and confidence in CS course culture in Proceedings of ACM SIG Computer Science Education 2004. (28% acceptance rate)

E. Roberts, L. Irani, and M. Kassianidou. 2002. Encouraging women in computer science in Proceedings of ACM SIG Computer Science Education 2002.


Metcalf, Kathryne, Irani, Lilly, and Uribe-del-Águila, Verónica (2022). “Redistributing the Means of Data Production, Seizing the Means of Data Circulation.” Workshop paper for CSCW 2022 Workshop: Solidarity and Disruption.

Irani, L., Hussein, M., Zchiesche, P., Tandon, U., Arcilla, E., Hickman, L., Goldsmith, M., Khovanskaya, V., Singh, S. (2021) Transportation for Smart and Equitable Cities: Integrating Taxis and Mass Transit for Access, Emissions Reduction, and Planning. UCSD Design Lab Report.

Slupska, J., Lowrie, J., Irani, L., Stefan, D. (2020) How Secrecy Leads to Bad Public Technology. UCSD Design Lab and Institute for Practical Ethics Reports. 

Irani, L., Whitney. C.D. (2020) Broken Promises of Civic Innovation: Technological, Organizational, Fiscal, and Equity Challenges of GE Current CityIQ. UCSD Design Lab and Institute for Practical Ethics Reports. 

Edited Volumes

Kelty, C., L. Irani and N. Seaver, eds. 2012. Limn: Clouds and Crowds. Createspace.

Book Chapters

Irani, L. 2012. “Microworking the Crowds” in Limn: Clouds and Crowds (eds. Kelty, Irani & Seaver), Seattle: Createspace and on web.

Additional Articles and Public Writing

Irani, L. 2015. Justice for “Data Janitors.” Public Books. Jan 15.
Irani, L., & Silberman, M. 2014. From critical design to critical infrastructure: lessons from turkopticon. interactions, 21(4), 32-35. [non-commercial use PDF]

Silberman, M. S., L. Irani, and J. Ross. Ethics and tactics of professional crowdworkXRDS 17(2): 39-43, 2010.

Other writing

Difference Engines is where I blog with others about technoculture, feminist theory, and the production of difference. As a blog, it is an experiment in collaborative knowledge production among feminist, critical race, and postcolonial studies of technoscience scholars often scattered all over the world.

Ambidextrous Magazine – I edited this magazine for researchers, academics, and designers about the people and processes of design from 2006 to 2008.