SAUCE

The Sentences for studying Accent Understanding in Child Experiments, funded by NSF grant BCS-1230003. Sentences were used in Creel, Rojo, and Paullada (2016, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology) and more information on their creation is available in that document.

Sentences (printed, not spoken) are displayed below, and are also available here as a spreadsheet with a little more information.

Steps used to develop the SAUCE set. For future reference, Steps 7 and 8 are quite time-consuming.

Step 1. Obtained picture naming data from preschool-aged monolingual English-speaking children. Pictures are available by request from Creel.
Step 2. Created candidate sensical sentences (like The monkey ate the banana) for which the picture names (like banana) were the intended targets.
Step 3. Presented sentence stems (The monkey ate the ___________) to English-speaking adults to obtain sentence completion norms.
Step 4. Selected the 139 more-predictable sentences from the adult set, and presented to English-speaking children.
Step 5. Chose the top 100 sentences (without target-word repeats) for the final set. Average child cloze probability was .57 (SD = .23; range: .19-.96).
Step 6. Created 100 nonsensical sentences by rearranging the target words (e.g. The monkey ate the shark). From these, 100 nonword sentences were created by reassigning word onsets across sentences for the words in the carrier phrases.
Step 7. Recorded 20 speakers reading all sentences with related sentence triplets (those with the same stems) recorded in sequence. Order within the triplet was random (sensical, nonsensical, nonword) so that any order effects were equivalent across the three sentence types. Additionally, speakers were advised not to use contrastive intonation (i.e., not to emphasize the changing final word) and to read naturally as though speaking to a small child. There were 10 speakers of California-accented English (5 female, 5 male), and 10 speakers of Mexican-accented English (5 female, 5 male). Sentences where speakers made errors were rerecorded later in the session.
Step 8. Created individual audio files of each sentence for each speaker, as well as a final-word-only audio file of each sentence. Files with speech errors were discarded and all files were normalized to 70 dB SPL.

 

RowNumber Low-prob & nonword target Hi-prob target SENSICAL sentence NONSENSICAL sentence NONWORD sentence
1 SHARK BANANA The monkey ate the banana. The monkey ate the shark. The runkey ate the shark.
2 DRAGON STAIRS Mom likes to use the elevator instead of the stairs. Mom likes to use the elevator instead of the dragon. Pom likes to use the elevator instead of the dragon.
3 BOX CROWN The king wore a shiny, gold crown. The king wore a shiny, gold box. The hing wore a shiny, gold box.
4 GIRLS DOOR When you go outside, please close the door. When you go outside, please close the girls. When you go outside, mease close the girls.
5 FLAG BEE She got stung by a bee. She got stung by a flag. She got fung by a flag.
6 AIRPLANE SHELL The scared turtle won't come out of its shell. The scared turtle won't come out of its airplane. The scared Jurtle won't come out of its airplane.
7 CROWN DINOSAUR My teacher showed us fossils of an extinct dinosaur. My teacher showed us fossils of an extinct crown. My veacher showed us fossils of an extinct crown.
8 EARS PANTS If shorts won't be warm enough, you can wear pants. If shorts won't be warm enough, you can wear ears. If borts won't be warm enough, you can wear ears.
9 PIG HAIR I put shampoo in my hair. I put shampoo in my pig. I put shamTROO in my pig.
10 SANTA ROCKET Watch the astronaut launch the rocket. Watch the astronaut launch the santa. Watch the pastronaut launch the santa.
11 CAR WEB The spider spun a big web. The spider spun a big car. The ider spun a big car.
12 DOOR GUITAR The rockstar was playing his guitar. The rockstar was playing his door. The tockstar was playing his door.
13 TREE SHOVEL My uncle dug a hole with a shovel. My uncle dug a hole with a tree. My suncle dug a hole with a tree.
14 GRASS ROPE To play tug of war, we pulled on the rope. To play tug of war, we pulled on the grass. To play mug of war, we pulled on the grass.
15 MONEY PIZZA My friend likes pepperoni on his pizza. My friend likes pepperoni on his money. My nend likes pepperoni on his money.
16 BAG SPIDER On the ceiling I saw a creepy-crawly spider. On the ceiling I saw a creepy-crawly bag. On the queeling I saw a creepy-crawly bag.
17 GUITAR POOL It was hot outside, so we jumped into the pool. It was hot outside, so we jumped into the guitar. It was fot outside, so we jumped into the guitar.
18 BROOM BOOK Mommy read me my favorite book. Mommy read me my favorite broom. Fommy read me my favorite broom.
19 TV CASTLE The king lived in a large castle. The king lived in a large tv. The bing lived in a large tv.
20 SNOWMAN BROOM Please sweep the floor with a broom. Please sweep the floor with a snowman. Please greep the floor with a snowman.
21 BALL MOTORCYCLE He always wears a helmet on that fast, loud motorcycle. He always wears a helmet on that fast, loud ball. He always wears a belmet on that fast, loud ball.
22 BED DRESS The bride wore a fancy dress. The bride wore a fancy bed. The kide wore a fancy bed.
23 DUCK SALT When daddy cooks he adds pepper and salt. When daddy cooks he adds pepper and duck. When raddy cooks he adds pepper and duck.
24 CEREAL BABY The mommy put a diaper on her baby. The mommy put a diaper on her cereal. The plommy put a diaper on her cereal.
25 PUMPKIN NOSE When I get a cold I have a runny nose. When I get a cold I have a runny pumpkin. When I get a brold I have a runny pumpkin.
26 WATCH FLOWER The bee sat on the petals of the flower. The bee sat on the petals of the watch. The swee sat on the petals of the watch.
27 HOUSE SHARK The swimmer was being chased by a giant shark. The swimmer was being chased by a giant house. The fimmer was being chased by a giant house.
28 CRAYONS SHOES First put on your socks, then put on your shoes. First put on your socks, then put on your crayons. First put on your nocks, then put on your crayons.
29 ZEBRA BOX The gift was inside the box. The gift was inside the zebra. The tift was inside the zebra.
30 EGGS ANTS At the picnic, the crumbs attracted ants. At the picnic, the crumbs attracted eggs. At the ricnic, the crumbs attracted eggs.
31 ROPE AIRPLANE The pilot flew the airplane. The pilot flew the rope. The drilot flew the rope.
32 ROCKET RING On her finger she wore a ring. On her finger she wore a rocket. On her minger she wore a rocket.
33 DRESS PUMPKIN For Halloween, he carved a pumpkin. For Halloween, he carved a dress. For Balloween, he carved a dress.
34 KEY GIRAFFE At the zoo, I saw a tall giraffe. At the zoo, I saw a tall key. At the broo, I saw a tall key.
35 BIRD GHOST At the haunted house, I saw a ghost. At the haunted house, I saw a bird. At the haunted kowce, I saw a bird.
36 BRIDGE FROG Sitting on the lilypad was a frog. Sitting on the lilypad was a bridge. Sitting on the vilypad was a bridge.
37 BAT CHAIR Grandma sits on her porch in a chair. Grandma sits on her porch in a bat. Dandma sits on her porch in a bat.
38 BOOK TAPE I fixed the torn page with a piece of tape. I fixed the torn page with a piece of book. I fixed the torn mage with a piece of book.
39 CLOWN CARROT The bunny nibbled a carrot. The bunny nibbled a clown. The trunny nibbled a clown.
40 GUNS EGGS For breakfast, I scrambled the eggs. For breakfast, I scrambled the guns. For deckfast, I scrambled the guns.
41 SHOES PIG Oink Oink, said the pig. Oink Oink, said the shoes. Oink oink, ked the shoes.
42 TRAIN HAT To keep the sun out of my face, I wear a hat. To keep the sun out of my face, I wear a train. To keep the pun out of my face, I wear a train.
43 HORSE BAG The boy put the groceries in a bag. The boy put the groceries in a horse. The zoy put the groceries in a horse.
44 BOAT GLASSES When Grandma reads, she needs her glasses. When Grandma reads, she needs her boat. When Bandma reads, she needs her boat.
45 FIRE EYES I wear sunglasses to shade my eyes. I wear sunglasses to shade my fire. I wear bunglasses to shade my fire.
46 PANTS HEARTS At Valentine's day we drew lots of hearts. At Valentine's day we drew lots of pants. At Shallentine's day we drew lots of pants.
47 MAN TABLE At dinner, my family sits together at the table. At dinner, my family sits together at the man. At brinner, my family sits together at the man.
48 FLOWER TRUCK We moved our furniture on the back of a truck. We moved our furniture on the back of a flower. We moved our burniture on the back of a flower.
49 SALT MAN The boy will grow to become a man. The boy will grow to become a salt. The floy will grow to become a salt.
50 GLASSES GUNS Soldiers shoot with their guns. Soldiers shoot with their glasses. Noldiers shoot with their glasses.
51 FISH PILLOW She sleeps with her head on a pillow. She sleeps with her head on a fish. She sleeps with her med on a fish.
52 PIZZA CLOCK To see what time it is, look at a clock. To see what time it is, look at a pizza. To see what bime it is, look at a pizza.
53 RING BAT The vampire can turn into a bat. The vampire can turn into a ring. The kampire can turn into a ring.
54 WHEEL RUBBER DUCKY In the bathtub there is a floating little rubber ducky. In the bathtub there is a floating little wheel. In the plathtub, there is a floating little wheel.
55 SHIRT EARS The sound was so loud I had to cover my ears. The sound was so loud I had to cover my shirt. The gound was so loud I had to cover my shirt.
56 MOTORCYCLE MONSTER I was scared that under my bed there could be a monster. I was scared that under my bed there could be a motorcycle. I was scared that under my gred there could be a motorcycle.
57 CANDLE SLIDE At the playground I like to go down the slide. At the playground I like to go down the candle. At the tayground I like to go down the candle.
58 TABLE BIRD Inside the nest sat a beautiful bird. Inside the nest sat a beautiful table. Inside the frest sat a beautiful table.
59 ORANGES SWINGS At the playground the girl went on the swings. At the playground the girl went on the oranges. At the snayground the girl went on the oranges.
60 SPIDER MONEY The bank is where he keeps the money. The bank is where he keeps the spider. The hank is where he keeps the spider.
61 BEAR SNOWMAN I used 3 big snowballs to make a snowman. I used 3 big snowballs to make a bear. I used 3 big coballs to make a bear.
62 HAT HORSE The cowboy is very good at riding his horse. The cowboy is very good at riding his hat. The lowboy is very good at riding his hat.
63 BUTTON SHIRT I fell in the mud and have to put on a new shirt. I fell in the mud and have to put on a new button. I fell in the hud and have to put on a new button.
64 SHOVEL KEY You can open the locked door with the key. You can open the locked door with the shovel. You can open the locked bore with the shovel.
65 HAIR CRAYONS The coloring book comes with a box of crayons. The coloring book comes with a box of hair. The coloring hook comes with a box of hair.
66 BUTTERFLY CEREAL For breakfast, Mommy poured me a bowl of cereal. For breakfast, Mommy poured me a bowl of butterfly. For sleckfast, Mommy poured me a bowl of butterfly.
67 PIANO BUTTERFLY The caterpillar turned into a butterfly. The caterpillar turned into a piano. The matterpillar turned into a piano.
68 TRUCK CLOWN At the circus the girl saw the clown. At the circus the girl saw the truck. At the pircus the girl saw the truck.
69 BEE CAR Kids sit in the back seat of the car. Kids sit in the back seat of the bee. Spids sit in the back seat of the bee.
70 SHELL GRASS Cows eat a lot of grass. Cows eat a lot of shell. Zows eat a lot of shell.
71 WEB FORK I have a spoon but I need a fork. I have a spoon but I need a web. I have a woon but I need a web.
72 LEAF TRAIN The boy has a toy choo-choo train. The boy has a toy choo-choo leaf. The coy has a toy choo-choo leaf.
73 CASTLE TV Use the remote to change the channels on the tv. Use the remote to change the channels on the castle. Use the resote to change the channels on the castle.
74 TAPE ORANGES You can make juice from fresh squeezed oranges. You can make juice from fresh squeezed tape. You can make booce from fresh squeezed tape.
75 HEARTS WHEEL To drive the car, daddy turns the wheel. To drive the car, daddy turns the hearts. To mive the car, daddy turns the hearts.
76 STAIRS WATCH The man checked the time on his watch. The man checked the time on his stairs. The gan checked the time on his stairs.
77 SWINGS FISH The aquarium has many different fish. The aquarium has many different swings. The adarium has many different swings.
78 BELL TREE The apple grew on a tree. The apple grew on a bell. The spapple grew on a bell.
79 CARROT HOUSE There are 3 bedrooms in their house. There are 3 bedrooms in their carrot. There are three tedrooms in their carrot.
80 GIRAFFE FIRE We roasted marshmallows over the fire. We roasted marshmallows over the giraffe. We roasted sarshmallows over the giraffe.
81 PILLOW DUCK In the pond there was one quacking duck. In the pond there was one quacking pillow. In the lond there was one quacking pillow.
82 DOG BED I want to sleep in my bed. I want to sleep in my dog. I want to breep in my dog.
83 COWS LEAF The caterpillar is munching on a green leaf. The caterpillar is munching on a green cows. The saterpillar is munching on a green cows.
84 CHAIR DRAGON The brave knight killed the dragon. The brave knight killed the chair. The brave pight killed the chair.
85 CLOCK DOG I like to play fetch with my dog. I like to play fetch with my clock. I like to play betch with my clock.
86 DINOSAUR PIANO The girl took lessons to play the piano. The girl took lessons to play the dinosaur. The stirl took lessons to play the dinosaur.
87 SLIDE BALL I like to bounce the ball. I like to bounce the slide. I like to crounce the slide.
88 FORK BUTTON Daddy's shirt was missing a button. Daddy's shirt was missing a fork. Daddy's kirt was missing a fork.
89 MONSTER CANDLE When we lost electricity, we had to light a candle. When we lost electricity, we had to light a monster. When we lost elecSISSity, we had to light a monster.
90 FROG BELL When recess ends, the teacher rings the bell. When recess ends, the teacher rings the frog. When seecess ends, the teacher rings the frog.
91 GHOST BOAT I went sailing on a boat. I went sailing on a ghost. I went bailing on a ghost.
92 NOSE COWS The farmer milked the cows. The farmer milked the nose. The marmer milked the nose.
93 ELEPHANT FLAG I pledge allegiance to the flag. I pledge allegiance to the elephant. I pledge asSEEgiance to the elephant.
94 POOL ZEBRA At the zoo I fed the black and white-striped zebra. At the zoo I fed the black and white-striped pool. At the oo I fed the black and white-striped pool.
95 BABY WITCH Riding on a broom was an old, mean witch. Riding on a broom was an old, mean baby. Riding on a shoom was an old, mean baby.
96 WITCH BEAR In the woods lived a big, growly bear. In the woods lived a big, growly witch. In the oods lived a big, growly witch.
97 EYES SANTA On Christmas, mommy left cookies for santa. On Christmas, mommy left cookies for eyes. On Sistmas, mommy left cookies for eyes.
98 ANTS GIRLS There is one bathroom for the boys, and one for girls. There is one bathroom for the boys, and one for ants. There is one hathroom for the boys, and one for ants.
99 BANANA BRIDGE To cross the river, we walked on a bridge. To cross the river, we walked on a banana. To cross the sivver, we walked on a banana.
100 RUBBER DUCKY ELEPHANT I wish I had a trunk like that elephant. I wish I had a trunk like that rubber ducky. I wish I had a plunk like that rubber ducky.